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Archive for June, 2007

Pakka Qila Hyderabad

13 Jun

pako_qilo1.jpgThe Royal Fort, now known as Pucca Fort, Hyderabad, was constructed on the hillock known as Gunjy, by Kalhora ruler, Mian Ghulam Shah, around 1768 when he founded the city of Hyderabad. He made it his capital and raised here some buildings for the purpose of civil use. During the Talpur rule over Sindh, Mir Fateh Ali Khan abandoned Khudabad and shifted his capital to Hyderabad in 1789. He also used the Hyderabad Fort to reside and hold his court in it. For the purpose he added a Haram and other buildings to accommodate the ruling family and his relations. He to enable residents to fulfill their religious obligation also built some mosques. During this period of the Mirs’ the fort was gradually swarmed with shabby and odd buildings by working class for their habitation.

After defeating the Mirs’ in the battle of Miani in 1843, the British occupied the fort. Some blasts in the fort, later on, destroyed most of the buildings and houses of the public. In 1857, the British razed most of the remaining buildings to ground to make room for use of the area to accommodate troops, military stores etc.

The Fort, slightly oblong in shape, covers 30 acres of land. Its fortification wall, running along the contours of the hillock, is imposingly built with burnt bricks and decorated with ornamental ‘Kangaroos’ of odd shape. There is only one main entrance, opening in the north towards Shahi Bazar.

Ever since the British period the craftsman and working class people live in a sort of shanty town inside the fort. The influx of the refugees after independence multiplied with population here. A few efforts to vacate the historical monuments from these encroachers did not bear any encouraging result.

Archaeological Area:
A small enclave near the main gate towards north had mercifully remained clear of squat encroachers. In fact this is the only area where the few historical buildings still stand to tell the tale of the Fort’s past glory. In the northwestern corner of this complex lies the Mirs’ Haram, built on 7.5 meter high solidly built podium. The interior of the Haram is profusely decorated with fresco paintings, though of degenerated quality.

There are five large halls towards east of the Haram. This was the place where Mirs’ treasury was located. Some of these halls were later turned into Record Office during the Raj. After the establishment of the Archaeological Circle Office at Hyderabad, three of these halls were converted into a small but beautifully representative Museum, while others served different official requirements. To house its office a double story block was constructed on the southern side of this ensemble. A residential accommodation for the Director was carved out of the, southern most building by additions and alterations.

A two-room, complete unit quarter on north-north eastern side of this ensemble, 4 two-room and 2 one-room quarters in a row on it east, I two-room with extra large room on the south-eastern side all built during the British period, in or around 1935 – came to the lot of the Department of Archaeology which also added three garages at to accommodate different categories of the staff of the Southern Circle of Archaeology.

Present condition:
Due to passage of time vagaries of nature and especially human vandalism the Fort has suffered to a great deal. At present the fortification wall of the Fort is in a very dilapidated condition from the several places its lost every originality and some portions has become an advance stage of decay, worth mentioning, is the south east part of the wall most effected and bulged out. The Northern portion also required urgent repairs to avoid any collapse of this historical part of our culture.

Cause of Decay
The conservation and restoration of an ancient monument in its conventional phraseology means a scientific and aesthetic approach towards, repair of an antiquity to protect its from further decay and give it a new life through which it can prolong its existence without altering its original character. A number of factors are responsible for the decay of the fort. However, the important ones are enumerated below: –

i) Atmospheric Action
The Fort through the ages has bee lying exposed under direct and constant pressure of rain, sun and wind, this resulting in the atmospheric action which is indeed a major devastating factor for the Fort. On accounts of heavy rains and scorching away from their original place.

ii) Rain Water
The amount of rain water entering the wall of the Fort has not been measured. The rain water penetrate in the walls through their top surface as well as their side. Rainwater striking the top surfaces can rapidly erode and producing deep cavities.

iii) Defective Drainage System
At present the Fort has occupied by the illegal encroachers they have constructed their buildings even on the wall of the Fort. A large number of peoples are residing here.
There is no drainage system in the area. The sewerage water, water supply and rainy water mixed up with organic impurities like salt and substances. This water penetrates into the foundation of the structures through their open joined masonry and keeps on accelerating the disintegration effect of the walls.

iv) Wild Growth
The growth of autonomous plants in the immediate vicinity of monuments is another deviating factor. The roots penetrate deeply into the foundations and walls, seeds are often deposited in the joints surfaces. The small roots crop up and penetrates towards the interior where they grow slowly and act just like wedges separating structural elements from each other.

v) Human Neglect
In addition to the above factors, a number of selfish and careless people without realizing the importance of the National Monuments are responsible for the destruction of the fort. The area inside outside along with the wall all around of the fort occupied by the encroachers and constructed their houses, shops, hotels etc. Beside this, the archaeological campus area, it self, squeeze to its office building. All the staff quarters, garden area occupied by the law enforcing agencies or even by the private persons. Such sacrilege have contributed much towards the devastation of the Fort. The people of the area also remove the burnt bricks from the original structures and use them in the construction of their houses.

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History of Hyderabad

13 Jun

Hyderabad is a city of Hillocks. Mian Ghulam Shah Kalhoro of the Kalhora Dynasty founded the city in 1768. The Hyderabad city was then named Neroon Kot it was a small fishing village on the banks of River Indus and was called the heart of the Mehran. Mian Ghulam Shah Kalhora loved the city so much that in 1768, he ordered a fort to be built on one of the three hills of Hyderabad to house and defend his people. The fort since then is called the Pacco Qillo or the Strong fort.

After the death of the great Kalhoro, started the Talpur Rule. Mir Fateh Ali Khan Talpur left his capital Khudabad, the Land of God and made Hyderabad his capital in 1789. He made the Pacco Qillo his residence and also held his courts there. Mir Fateh Ali Khan Talpur along with his three other brothers were responsible for the affairs that persisted in the city of Hyderabad in the years of their kingdom. The four were called Char Yar, Sindhi for Four friends.

The Talpur rule lasted almost over 50 years and in 1843, Talpurs faced a greater threat. The British came face-to-face with the Talpurs at the Battle of Miani on 17th February, 1843. It is said that even in rigor mortis the Ameers (Mirs – leaders) held their swords high fighting the British. The battle ended on 24th March where the Mirs lost and the city came into the hands of the British.

The British demolished most of the buildings around to accommodate their troops and their military stores. Hyderabad lost its glory. No longer were the roads covered with perfume. In 1857, when the First War of Indian Independence raged across the sub-continent, the British held most of their regiments and ammunition in this city.

Prior to 1947, Hyderabad had a large community of Sindhi Hindus who were largely pre-occupied with trade and commerce. They were responsible for export of products made in Sindh and contributed significantly to the economy of Sindh. Prior to the Partition, 25 per cent of Sindh’s population was Hindu. When Partition of India occurred Sindhi Hindus expected to remain in Sindh. Generally, there was good relation between Hindu Sindhis and Muslims Sindhis. When large waves of Mohajirs started to pour into Hyderabad, violence erupted on the streets. The Hindu Sindhis were forced to flee leaving everything behind. Popati Hirandani who was a Hyderabad resident tells in her autobiography that the Police were merely onlookers when violence erupted and they did not protect the Hindus community. Popati Hiranandani was a writer born 1924 in Hyderabad, Sindh. Many Hindu Sindhis wanted to return to their native Sindh when the violence settled down, but this was not possible..

The Mahajirs were given land mostly in the town of Hirabad. While the population of the people grew with the migration in progress, the Government proposed the creation of two more towns, namely Latifabad and Qasimabad.

The 1980’s saw a black period in the history of Hyderabad as riots erupted in the city between the two ethnic diversities in majority, the Sindhis and the Mahajirs. Bloodshed and murder reached extremes. The Sindhis retreated to settlements in Qasimabad and the Mohajirs settled down in Latifabad but the city has never been the same again, forever divided by ethnicity.

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Am I Depressed for Hyderabad Airport?

12 Jun

Some people are thnking that i am Day Dreaming and just because i live in Canada so i am talking of fantasies to build our Hyderabad a Modern city and build International Airport.

No i am NOT. What i am saying is 200% true and correct. It is just Hyderabad Sindh has gone through so much suffering,rejection,and neglection that Citizens of Hyderabad Sindh have become DEEPLY DEPRESSED. We all have to come out from this depression and STOP putting down our very own city. There should be no Inferiority complex and we must not be scared or threatened by the size,power, or big names of Karachi,Lahore or Islamabad. Instead we should be PROUD of ourself that we are also in the line of those great cities. Being 2nd largest city of Sindh and 3rd of Pakistan is already a huge honour. (People of Sindh has already rejected results of 1988 Census as it has decreased the poulation of sindh in general and Hydrabad in specific) So i don’t believe it all such that Hyderabad has become all of a sudden 6th or some even take us down to 8th largest city of Pakistan. I just laugh while the population of  pakistan is increasing at Rocket speed only poulation of Sindh and Hyderabad is going down. What a joke……

Look around yourself my goodness we cannot cross a road or even a street in Hyderabad every thing is fully packed. Go inside Sindh You will see every city,town and village, is packed and teeming with people and all major or link roads and highways are choked. And Yet we are told Poulation of Sindh and Hyderabad is going down. Please Think….

Problem Sindh and Hyderabad has been neglected all these years so there are no modern development projects and infrastructure to cope with the rapid growth of Sindh and Hyderabad.

Trust me guys what our Hyderabad Sindh has got ; None of the other cities of Pakistan have got.

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Hyd Airport must be an INTERNATIONAL AIPORT.

11 Jun

Our City Hyderabad Sindh is more like a European city Compact but heavily and densly poulated and most of major European cities are smaller than our Hyderabad either in size or population have an International airport and Central Railway station making them a Transportation Hub.

So it proves that Air travel and train travel never clash but actually support each other if coordinated properly. Same way Hyderabad being the transportation Hub and nerve centre of Sindh would highly benefit for both air travellers and train travellers. As our city is the heart and connecting point to all of sindh.

Again i am just trying to make all of you understand that YES WE NEED INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT IN HYDERABAD SINDH ASAP. AND IT IS A VALID DEMAND. Please launch a letter writing campaign and sign petitions for reopening and building International Airport in Hyderabad Sindh. You can write to CAA (Civil Aviation Pakistan) Hyderabad Government, Hyderabad Chamber of commerce, Sindh Chief Minister, Chairman PIA, Prime Minister of Pakistan, President of Pakistan. If all of us write one letter daily to all those above mentioned definitely they will listen to our demand.

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Why Hyderabad Airport Shut Down!!!?

11 Jun

I am sure majority of people in Pakistan are not aware that Our Hyderabad Sindh got the prestige to have first AIR UNIVERSITY of ASIA run by civil aviation of Pakistan and people from all over the world come to our beloved city to learn. And yet our airport is shut down. Does it make any sense to any one???? No. Hyderabad has a huge need and demand for air traffic as hundreds of citizens of Hyderabad fly daily domestic and international but they have to go all the way to Karachi and it is very very problematic when you have to be at Karachi airport 3 to 4 hours earlier then the travel time between Karachi and Hyderabad and one hour travel in Karachi and if you are stuck in traffic then there is always a danger of missing flight. then there are security concerns as most flights arrive late night or arrive early in the morning.

I can give you my personal experience that every time i visit my city Hyderabad Sindh all the way from Toronto Canada it just kills me and how dangerous it is to travel in late night or pay to stay in hotel in Karachi.
 

I have done my research that citizens of Hyderabad and people from all over Sindh ( HYDERABAD IS THE HUB AND MAJOR LINK TO ALL OF SINDH BEING THE CULTURAL CAPITAL OF SINDH) frequently travel to following destinations:
 

Saudi Arabia, Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Muscat, Colombo, Beijing, Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur, Tokyo, London, Zurich, Frankfurt, Istanbul, Toronto Canada, New York, Los angles and San Francisco USA.
I am not making up but you can check the records of Travel agencies in Hyderabad yourself.
That proves that there is a real need for International Airport in Hyderabad for growing domestic and International Flights and airport must be capable for landing of modest modern air bus and Boeing aircrafts. It only makes more sense cuz’ we are the only city with AIR UNIVERSITY too.
 

Those who have traveled through Hyderabad Airport in the past still remember falling in love with our Airport as its unique beautiful design at that time though it had a small terminal. This airport must have 2 terminals one for domestic and one for international. As i said earlier Hyderabad is the nerve centre of Sindh so all the flights for sindh and Pakistan should connect here. And for international immediately the destinations i mentioned should be started by PIA and other international airlines should also be invited. Gulf Air, Etihaad, Emirates, and Qatar Airways have already shown interest to expand in Pakistan. This airport should be designed on most modern airlines but its design must be appropriate to SINDHI Culture and Design as our city is a cultural capital of sindh and one of the ancient cities of south Asia. It should be named after Hazrat Shah Abdul latif bhitai International Airport.
 

Now reasons why it is shut down:

1. Hyderabad always victimized by all governments and have been victim of conspiracy theory.
 

2.PIA used false excuse under pressure that there is not enough business which is just a lie, while PIA is running empty flights to Bahawalpur, Dera Ghazi Khan, Quetta, Faisalabad under pressure of politicians.

3.CAA (Civil Aviation) and Miltary considers Hyderabad a security risk to have a major International Airport being Hyderabad the most sensitive city of Pakistan. First of all CAA has to wake up as the ONLY AIR UNIVERSITY is functioning successfully since late 70’s. There has been not a single incident of any kind related to National Security. Secondly If we are thinking of a threat then it should be Sialkot which just sits next to INDIA but Government of Pakistan and CAA are building International Airport in Sialkot very quietly.

4. I understand that Hyderabad has seen a very bloody past and gone through a civil war and still divided on ethnic lines literally and technically but so is city of Beruit in Lebanon but then it does not disqualify the city to have a major international airport. Beruit does have a very busy and major international airport.

5. As we are all aware that Hyderabad sits on a Earthquake Fault line and it immediately needs a major international airport in case God forbid something big hits our city. Hyderabad has the same situation like San Francisco and first thing they did was to build a big international airport. When San Francisco was hit by a major earthquake airport was the best place for relief work and rehabilitation work.

6.There was a discussion to change location of Hyderabad Airport from the present one that is possible if it helps to build the new international airport for Hyderabad.

7. There is a huge concern regarding the road which connects with Current airport and has been identified as security risk and not safe for travelers. Then Hyderabad Government can come up with the idea of building an elevated express way and a fast rail link from current Hyderabad airport to city, Qasimabad and Latifabad.

I have tried my best to educate and make aware my fellow citizens about the reasons for shutting down our airport. Hyderabad the Cultural and commercial capital of Sindh and a major transportation hub in Pakistan cannot be neglected and ignored any more on any kind of false excuses. Hyderabad Sindh will not take any more hate and biases from any one any more.

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Qasimabad Profile

10 Jun

Qasimabad is named after the Arab conqueror who invaded Sindh, Muhammad Bin Qasim. It was formed as an extension to the city of Hyderabad to occupy migrants from across the border after the 1947 partition of the Sub-Continent, alongwith the town of Latifabad.

The locals that occupied the town at its inception were ethnically of a mixed population but as the city experienced its worst ethnic riots between Sindhis and Mahajirs in the 1980’s, the city was divided into Sindhis occupying the town of Qasimabad and the Mohajirs settling down in Latifabad. And the city was divided forever on the basis of ethnic diversity.

Qasimabad has a large concentration of Sindhi speaking people, known as the Sindhis. Although it was formed with the town of Latifabad, it does not follow the numbered unit system for that town, but instead settles with the block system.

The town constitutes of the eastern part of the Hyderabad city and houses two of the biggest schools in the city, Beaconhouse School and St.Bonaventure’s School,along with another popular school,The City School and Eden Grammar School(Nowadays on Top).

With people, mostly Sindhi, occupying this region, the practice of Sindhology or the study of Sindh is more pronounced in this region than others. There are two museums celebrating the treasures of its Sindhi cultural values and traditions present in this town, the Institute of Sindhology Museum and the Sindh Museum.

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Latifabad Profile

10 Jun

Latifabad is named after the famous Sindhi Sufi poet, Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai. It was formed as an extension to the city of Hyderabad to occupy migrants from across the border after the 1947 partition of the Sub-Continent, along with the town of Qasimabad.

Latifabad was further divided into sectors, sub-classifying its numbered units.  Latifabad has a large concentration of Urdu speaking people, known as the Mahajirs. Latifabad is divided into 12 units, instead of blocks, each numbered. Each unit has its own hospital and number of schools along with residential complexes. At the time of its creation, the town of Latifabad was hailed as being the first ever planned town in Pakistan since its independence.

The town is spread across the southern span of the Hyderabad city and hence referred to as the city’s south end. Being a relatively modern town, Latifabad lacks historical landmarks but holds remenants of the blackened history of the ethnic riots in forms of distorted architecture almost everywhere.

The largest mental hospital for the mentally ill in Pakistan (also the largest in Asia) named after Sir Cowasji Jehangir Readymoney (1812-1878), civil engineer and master constructor of Bomboy, the Sir Cowasji Jehangir Institute of Psychiatry holds ground in Latifabad unit 3, commonly known to the locals as Giddu Bandar.

Other hospitals in Latifabad include St. Elizabeth Hospital, Majee Hospital, Bhittai Hospital and Red Crescent (Hilal-e-Ahmar) Hospital.

The Board of Intermediate Secondary Education, Hyderabad, the body of the Government administering the eductional standards in the city has their headquarters housed in unit 9 in Latifabad.

Unit 8 has a bazaar-cum-shopping center that sells clothes, shoes and bangles, product native to the city. Visitors and shoppers alike visit unit 8 before Eid to buy clothes and gifts. The bazaar is a convenient and economical place to shop. 

Latifabad units has also its own Administration which works under Hyderabad District Administration. The population of Taluqa Latifabad is around 7 lecs.

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Hyderabad Profile

09 Jun

Hyderabad in 1951, lies across the Indus. Other education needs are served by numerous government colleges, the Liaquat Medical College, and specialized vocational institutions.

Hyderabad district is a vast fertile alluvial plain, excepting the hilly region of Hyderabad city, extending along the east bank of the Indus. Cultivation is dependent upon canal irrigation. Millet, jowar (sorghum), rice, wheat, cotton, oilseeds, and mangoes are the chief crops. Cottage handicrafts include leatherwork, glazed pottery and tiles, lacquer ware and susi (striped cotton cloth) from Hala (north of Hyderabad city), khes (cotton blankets), susis and anguchahs (cotton cloth) from Naseerpur (northeast of Hyderabad). Historic sites include Bhit Shah (4 mi [6 km] east of Hala), containing the tomb of Shah ‘Abd-ul-Latif (d. 1753), the poet and Sufi saint, and an ancient Buddhist stupa. The picture that you see is the tomb of the famous mystic poet Shah Abdul Latif Bhitaai.

Hyderabad division (area 34,257 sq mi) comprises Dadu, Hyderabad, Badin, Sanghar, Thar Parkar, and Tatta districts. The division includes the swampy delta of the Indus river on the Arabian Sea (southwest), the fertile alluvial plain of the Indus (north central), and part of the great Thar Desert (east). Pop. (1981 prelim.) city, 795,000; metropolitan area, 1,045,000; district, 2,080,000; division, 7,103,000.

The battlefield at Miani is about ten kilometers (six miles) north of Hyderabad and some five kilometers (three miles) off the National Highway. The memorial is down a dusty narrow track in the forest and you’ll need a local guide to find it. Hyderabad’s eighteenth-century fort was first the court of the Kalhora dynasty and then that of the Talpur Amirs. According to contemporary British descriptions it must have been splendid, but apart from the tower, main entrance, and a room in the harem, little remains to be seen. Portraits of the Amirs and their weapons are exhibited in what passes as the Fort Museum near the railway station. Their stove-pipe hats are on display in Hyderabad’s Sindh Provincial Museum, near the Polytechnic College and opposite the Indus Gas Office.

Also worth a visit is the Institute of Sindhology’s museum at the University of Sindh. It has displays on all aspects of Sindhi history, music and culture depicting the lifestyles of the desert tribes. Infrequent GTS buses go to the campus, otherwise take a miniwagon to Jamshoro, across the river from Hyderabad, and walk the 1-1/2 km to the university.

 Hyderabad Statistics  (August 2006)

Population : 1,411,000 (Fourteen Lacs and Eleven Thousand)

Men : 783,000 (Seven Lacs Eighty Three Thousand)

Women : 627,000 (Six Lacs Twenty Seven Thousand)

Literacy Rate : 60% – 70%

 —————————

CITY NAZIM: ( 2007 )

Kanwar Naveed

Res: H.No-9/A Block-D Unit No.6 Latifabad Hyderabad.
Ph: (Off.) 9200709, 9200690 (Res.) 9260368

CITY NAIB NAZIM: ( 2007 )

Zafar Ali Rajput

H.No A/2937 Tilak Incline, Hyderabad.

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FOR IMMEDIATE ATTENTION OF HYDERABAD GOVERNMENT:

04 Jun

Every big city in Pakistan is progressing on rocket speed because there is team work spirit which involves everyone to do the quality job and finish the work by a set deadline. When we look from Islamabad to Karachi, and Lahore to Faisalabad things are happening at rocket speed and projects on papers are becoming a real life reality. But when we look into our Beloved Hyderabad the situation is very sad and depressing the whole city streets and major roads are dug up, dirt and dust flying everywhere, It is becoming impossible to drive in Hyderabad and reach from one to another. Hours long Traffic Jams have become routine. The whole city of Hyderabad presents a picture of Chios and mismanagement. Citizens feel that no one cares anymore and Hyderabad is again feeling like an ORPHAN…. Everyone had a hope that new and energetic City Government would do things differently but no one knows what went wrong??? Every other big city in Pakistan is developing very fast by building express ways, over passes, underpasses, flyovers, Computerized signaling system, New Public transit projects, Parks and much much more While we in Hyderabad are still stuck in old fashioned way of digging and digging in the name of building roads. Thats’ It. Nothing more…..

I hope that Hyderabad Government will look into this matter very seriously and do things differently in modern times so that Hyderabad can also catch up the speed to compete with other world class cities and shine on world map. Can some one in the City Government be responsible and take lead.
Also please launch the website of Hyderabad Government and bring Hyderabad into era of E-Government. This website must be in 3 languages, English, Urdu, and Sindhi.

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